Euspiza melanocephala, Scop.
721. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 378; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. III, p. 497; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 417; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 188 ; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis, 1885, p. 129.
THE BLACK-HEADED BUNTING.
Length, 7.5 to 8; wing, 3.8 to 4 ; tail, 3 ; tarsus, 0.9 ; bill at front, 0.5.
Bill yellowish-brown ; irides light-brown ; legs yellowish-brown.
Whole head, including the ear-coverts, black, the feathers generally (i.e.., winter) edged light-brown, this disappearing towards spring; back and scapulars rich chesnut, passing to yellowish on the rump and upper tail-coverts, the feathers being edged with bright-yellow, passing behind the ear-coverts to the nape; the side of breast chesnut, continuous with the color of the back.
The Black-headed Bunting is a rather common cold weather visitant to all parts of the region. It is very destructive in the corn fields, when jowaree, bajri, and other cereals are ripening.