1121. Emberiza fucata arcuata

(1121) Emberiza fucata arcuata Sharpe.
THE INDIAN- GREY-HEADED BUNTING.
Emberiza fucata arcuata, Fauna B. I, Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iii, p. 199.
This Bunting is found in Kashmir and in the outer hills from Kuman to Garhwal. It presumably breeds throughout this area, but very little is known of its nidification, though Hume found it breeding in the valleys of the Sutlej and Beas and on the hills West of these to Hazara. The nest he describes as “usually placed on. the ground, at the root of some little dense tuft of green or stunted bush, or under some large stone well concealed by the surrounding herbage ; but I have had one nest brought to me said to have been found in a bush nearly a cubit from the ground.
“The nest is saucer-shaped, or, perhaps I should rather say, shallow cup-shaped, composed almost entirely of dried grass, and lined with very fine grass-stems and a little hair.”
Osmaston (Journ Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc, vol. xxxi, p. 999, 1927). sums up his experience of its breeding as follows :—“This species is found on hush-covered hill-sides in Kashmir, both main and side valleys, at from 6,000 to 7,500 ft., but is nowhere common. They feed on the ground among bushes and dense scrub of Berberis, wild rose, Cotoneaster indigofera and juniper. The cock has a short bright song, the best of all the Buntings with which I am acquainted. It may he expressed in words as follows :—‘chick, chick—he’ll get used to you—chick.’
EMBERIZA STEWARTI.
The White-capped Bunting. (Wular Lake, Kashmir, 5,300 ft., 28. 5. 21.)
“Nesting commences about the middle of May. The nest in placed on the ground at the foot of gome dense low bush on a steepish slope, and is well concealed in grass. It is a very difficult nest to find. It is composed of dry grass and weed-stems, lined with hair. Three or four eggs are laid, which are pale green marked more or less all over with pale ashy brown markings, and with none of the characteristic Bunting lines,”
Prior to Osmastoni finding these nests Rattray had taken two nests in Parachinar and in Dunga Gali in the Murree Hills. Nests and sites etc, were as described by Osmaston, but one nest was lined with fine grass instead of Kashmir stag’s hair.
The eggs, four and three in number, are of the same character as those taken by Osmaston, hut have a pale grey ground stippled all over with blackish-brown, in one egg there being a good many small blotches almost black. In all the eggs the markings are numerous everywhere, but still more so at the larger end, nowhere, however, hiding the ground-colour.
In shape they vary from long to short ovals, those taken by Rattray being the bigger, longer and more pointed.
Seventeen eggs average 21.0 x 15.5 mm. : maxima 22.9 x 16.0 mm. ; minima 19.8 x 15.0 and 20.2 x 14.6mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1121. Emberiza fucata arcuata
Spp Author: 
Sharpe.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1121
Year: 
1934
Page No: 
92
Common name: 
Indian Grey Headed Bunting
M_ID: 
32076
M_SN: 
Emberiza fucata arcuata
Volume: 
Vol. 3
Term name: 
id: 
14215

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