517. Emberiza cAesia

Emberiza coesia, Cretzsch. in Rupp. Atlas, p. 17, Taf. 10. fig. b (1826) ; Gould, B. of E. iii, pl. 181 ; Naum. xiii. 2 p. 172, Taf. 381, figs. 3, 4 ; Dresser, iv. p. 213, pls. 215, fig. 2, 216 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xii. p. 535.
Bruant cendrillard, French ; Ortolano-grigio, Ital. ; Grauer Ortolan, German.
Male ad. (Asia Minor). Crown, ear-coverts, and nape, a narrow streak on each side of the throat, and a band across the upper breast clear blue grey ; lores, a ring round the eye, a moustachial stripe, and throat pale chestnut-red ; upper parts rufous brown, the back streaked with dark brown ; wings and tail dark brown externally margined with rufous, the two outer rectrices white on terminal part of the inner web ; under parts deep chestnut ; bill reddish brown, paler below ; legs and iris brown. Culmen 0.4, wing 3.4, tail 2.4, tarsus 0.6 inch. The female differs in being paler and duller in colour, the head and breast-band are striped with black, and the throat marked with small brown specks. Like all the Buntings, in the winter-dress the colours are obscured by the fulvous margins to the feathers.
Hab. South-east Europe, of rare occurrence as far west as Italy, S. France, and Algeria ; Asia Minor; Palestine ; as far east as the Caucasus ; wintering in Arabia and N.E. Africa. It has also been obtained on Heligoland.
Frequents rocky localities, bare hill-sides, places covered with low scrub, and the borders of the desert. In general habits it is said to resemble E. hortulana, and its note is low, but cheery, often repeated like that of that species. The nest, which is placed on the ground under a grass tuft amongst stones, or in a low bush, is constructed of grass-bents, lined with fibres and horsehair, and is very neat and compact. The eggs 4 or 5 in number are dull white or pale reddish marked with pale pur¬plish shell-blotches and blackish brown surface-spots and blotches, with but few scratches, and in general character approach nearest to those of E. hortulana. In size they average about 0.77 by 0.61.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
517. Emberiza cAesia
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Cretzschmar’s Bunting
Cretzschmar's Bunting
Emberiza caesia
Vol. 1

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