795. Emberiza buchanani.
The Grey-necked Bunting.
Emberiza buchanani, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xiii, p. 957 (1844), xvi, p. 780; Hume, S. F. vii, p. 150; id. Cat. no. 716; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xii, p. 533; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 268. Euspiza huttoni, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xviii, p. 811 (1849). Emberiza huttoni (Blyth), Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 485 ; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 373; Hume, J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 121. Citrinella huttoni (BL), Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 247.
Coloration. Male. After the autumn moult the whole upper plumage is ashy brown, each feather with a dark brown shaft-streak, the back slightly tinged with rufous ; lesser wing-coverts ashy brown ; the remaining coverts and quills dark brown, broadly margined with rufous; tail brown, the middle pair broadly, the next three pairs narrowly, margined with rufous ; the two outer pairs with the terminal half of the inner web white, as also a small portion- of the outer web of the outermost feather; lores and a ring round the eye fulvous ; sides of the head and neck ashy brown; an indistinct black moustachial streak; entire lower plumage rufous, palest on the chin and darkest on the breast, most of the feathers with pale fulvous margins.
In the spring the fulvous margins on the lower plumage get worn away.
Female. Hardly distinguishable from the male, but slightly paler.
Iris dark brown; legs and feet yellowish brown ; bill fleshy brown (Butler).
Length about 6.5; tail 2.8; wing 3.3; tarsus .75; bill from gape .45.
Distribution. A winter visitor to the whole of the North-western portion of the plains of India, extending south as far as Khandala and Chanda and east as far as Etawah. This species migrates through Kashmir and has been observed in Gilgit in September, and our Indian birds probably summer in Turkestan and Persia. Its range extends westwards to the Caucasus.