504. Emberiza luteola

504. RED-HEADED BUNTING.
EMBERIZA LUTEOLA.
Emberiza luteola, Sparrm. Mus. Carls, fasc. iv. tab. 93 (1789) ; Dresser, viii. p. 211. pl. 680 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xii. p. 506 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. ii. p. 262 ; E. icterica, Eversm. Add. Pall. Zoogr. Ross. As. fasc. ii. p. 10 (1841) ; E. bruniceps, Brandt, Bull. Sc. Acad. St. Petersb. ix. No. 195, p. 10 (1842).
Gandam, Hind. ; Dalchidi, Sind. : sarik-kutchkach, Turki ; Bulle-Bulle-Goaya, Tekke.
Male ad. (Turkestan). Crown nape and hind-neck rich orange-yellow, the fore-crown tinged with rufous ; back and rump deep yellow the former striped with black ; rectrices and remiges brown margined with creamy white ; lores, sides of head, ear-coverts, throat, and fore-part of neck chestnut red ; rest of under parts bright yellow ; bill bluish grey, dusky at the tip above ; legs fleshy brown ; iris brown. Culmen 0.6, wing 3.45, tail 2.85, tarsus 0.85 inch. In the winter the bright colours are obscured by ashy margins to the feathers, and the under parts are washed with ashy grey. The female has the upper parts ashy brown, the crown and back streaked with dark brown, the rump washed with olive-yellow ; under parts sandy grey washed with yellow, more richly on the abdomen ; under tail-coverts pale yellow.
Hab. Transcaspia, Turkestan, and Afghanistan, ranging north to Siberia, and south to the Persian Gulf; has twice been obtained on Heligoland ; in winter it is found on the plains of India from the foot of the Himalayas to the Nilgiris and from Sind to Chutia Nagpur.
In habits it is said to resemble E. miliaria and frequents cornfields and cultivated ground, usually on the plains, and not in the hills. The nest is placed in a low bush or on the ground, and is constructed of dried grass, plant-stems, and shreds of bark, and lined with hair. The eggs 3 to 4 in number are deposited in May or June and are pale greenish grey, spotted streaked or blotched, often more profusely at the larger end, with sepia brown, and these markings are not unfrequently reduced to small dots. In size they average about 0.83 by 0.64. They resemble those of E. melanocephala but are as a rule smaller.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
504. Emberiza luteola
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
504
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
347
Common name: 
Red Headed Bunting
M_ID: 
32105
M_CN: 
Red-headed Bunting
M_SN: 
Emberiza bruniceps
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10689

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