200. Elaphrornis palliseri.
The Ceylon Short-wing.
Brachypteryx (?) palliseri, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xx, p. 178 (1851); Holds-worth, P. Z. S. 1872, p. 443, pi. xviii; Hume. S. F. vii, p. 377; id. Cat. no. 338 bis. Elaphrornis palliseri (Bl.), Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 514, pi. xxiv, fig. 2 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 517 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 131.
Coloration. The whole upper plumage, tail, and exposed parts of the wings olive-brown, tinged with rufous on the tail and upper tail-coverts; lores, the ear-coverts, and under the eye dark brown, the ear-coverts with whitish shafts; a dull white line over the lores, extending over the eye ; chin fulvous white, throat rusty fulvous ; middle of the abdomen yellowish; remainder of the lower parts slaty olive, the flanks, thighs, and under tail-coverts with a rufous tinge.
The male has the iris clear red ; bill black, slaty at the base beneath ; legs and feet deep neutral brown or purplish brown; claws pale brownish horn ; in the female the iris is buff (Legge).
Length about 6.5 ; tail 2.6 ; wing 2.4 ; tarsus 1; bill from gape .8.
A young bird, or perhaps an adult female, resembles the adult above described generally, but has the chin and throat fulvous white, barred or mottled with greenish, and the rusty-fulvous patch on the throat is altogether wanting.
Legge remarks that the iris of the young male is pale reddish buff and that of the young female white.
Distribution. Ceylon, above 5000 feet of altitude.
Habits, &c. This species is found in thick brushwood, feeding on the ground. Mr. Bligh found a nest in April: a deep cup-shaped structure of moss lined with roots, placed in a thick bush. The nest contained three young birds.