755. Elanus cAeruleus

755. Black-winged Kite.
Elanus coeruleus (Desf.), Mem. Acad. R. des Sciences, 1787, p. 503, pl. 15 ; Shelley, B. of Egypt, p. 198 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. i. p. 336 ; Dresser, r. p. 663, pl. 363 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iii. p. 379 ; E. melanopterus (Daud.), Traite d’Orn, ii. p. 152 (1800) ; (Naum.), xiii. Taf. 347 ; Gould, B. of E. i. pl. 31.
Aisha-hemika, Moor. ; Saqer el Baz, Kuhieh, Arab. ; Kapassi, Hind. ; Ukussa, Cing.
Male ad. (Egypt). Forehead, lores, a line over the eye, and sides of the head white ; feathers round the eye and eyelashes black ; upper parts light ashy grey, the tail paler, the outer tail-feathers white ; quills white at extreme base, darker towards the tip ; lesser and median wing-coverts and a patch on the outer edge of the wing black ; under parts white ; bill bluish horn ; cere and legs yellow ; iris carmine ; tarsus feathered in front about half its length. Culmen 1.0, wing 11.6, tail 5.5, tarsus 1.45 inch. Female similar. The young bird has the upper parts brown marked with rufous and tipped with white, the tail dull ashy grey tipped with white ; under parts white, the breast washed with rufous, and slightly streaked with fulvous ; iris dull yellowish.
Hab. The whole of Africa ; of rare occurrence in Southern Europe (Greece, Spain, Portugal, and France) ; has occurred in Germany, Belgium, and has been said to have once been obtained in Ireland ; Palestine ; South-western Asia, India, Ceylon, and Burma.
In habits it is said to somewhat resemble the Harriers ; it inhabits well wooded cultivated districts, the borders of the forest, groves, &c., and is to some extent crepuscular. It feeds chiefly on insects, but also on small mammals. Its flight is peculiar and varied, and reminds one somewhat of a Gull. In North Africa it breeds in March or April and in India at almost all seasons, and probably breeds twice in the year. The nest is a loose structure of twigs, unlined, or sometimes lined with grass, and is placed at some height in a tree. The eggs, 3 to 4 in number, are white or yellowish white, richly blotched with dark fox-red, and measure about 1.55 by 1.22.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
755. Elanus cAeruleus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Black Winged Kite
Black-winged Kite
Elanus caeruleus
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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