211. Mesophoyx intermedia.
THE SMALLER WHITE HERON or EGRET.
Patokha bagla, India; Puru-wallai-koku, Ceylon.
Male 27" to 28". Legs black. Bill 2 2/3" to 3"; yellow in winter, black in summer.— In summer; Head crested, but no drooping plumes. Pectoral plume of long decomposed feathers. Dorsal train extending about 7" beyond tail. In winter: Pure white and without dorsal train. India, Ceylon, N. Burma, Andamans, Malay Peninsula and Islands to Java and the Philippines, China, and Japan. Four eggs (1.9 x 1.44), bluish green. Included by Jerdon and Blanford under Herodias, but here separated, as the edges of the mandibles are serrated. (J. 926. B. 1560.)
Also M. brachyrhyncha. 25". Similar to M. intermedia, but bill and legs are yellow. From S. and N.E. Africa.
M. plumifera. 25". Similar to M. brachyrhyncha, but with distinct loral black patches. From Australia, New Guinea, and Moluccas.
Edge of mandibles not serrated, but with distinct subterminal notch in upper mandible. Plumage white or black.
Bill not longer than mid toe and claw.