1845. Ducula badia cuprea

(1845) Ducula badia cuprea (Jerdon).
THE SOUTHERN BROWN-BACKED IMPERIAL PIGEON.
Ducula badia cuprea, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed, vol. v, p. 205.
This Imperial Pigeon ranges from Ceylon, where a specimen was obtained by Inglis, North as far as Kanara, where Davidson says it is common. Its Eastern limit seems to be the range of hills running East of Mysore from Bangalore to the Nilghiris, and it occurs all through the mountainous country of Coorg, the Wynaad and Travancore.
It frequents just the same kind of country as the other races but, in addition, has been found breeding in deciduous forests.
Macpherson took four nests with eggs in March and April in the Wynaad, and remarks : “This bird breeds freely in the forests of Mysore bordering the Wynaad and, as a rule, their nests are not far from rivers and streams.”
Bourdillon and Stewart obtained numerous nests in Travancore at all elevations between the foot-hills and the highest ranges, over 5,000 feet. The nests, quite typical for the species, are built nearly always in small trees, tangles of creepers etc, on bigger trees or, though seldom, on branches of bigger trees. They seem always to be low down. Macpherson found all his between 10 and 15 feet from the ground, Bourdillon took one at about 20 feet, and Stewart also found most of his between 15 and 20 feet from the ground and on small trees.
The breeding season is January to May in Travancore, but a fresh egg was taken in Ceylon on October 2nd. Bourdillon says that in Travancore this Pigeon “has two broods in the year, but only lays one egg at a time. These two seasons are in April and again in November. I have seen a bird building in the latter month and have had the young bird brought to me in January."
Twelve eggs average 44.4 x 34.6 mm. ; maxima 47.1 x 34.0 and 43.0 x 35.5 mm. ; minima 43.1 x 31.1 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
1845. Ducula badia cuprea
Spp Author: 
Jerdon.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1845
Year: 
1935
Page No: 
139
Common name: 
Jerdon's Imperial Pigeon
M_ID: 
5770
M_SN: 
Ducula badia cuprea
Volume: 
Vol. 4
Term name: 
id: 
15018

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