623. Picus martius

623. GREAT BLACK WOODPECKER.
PICUS MARTIUS.
Picus martius, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 173 (1766) ; Naum. v. p. 253, Taf. 131 ; Hewitson, i. p. 238, pl. lxi. fig. 1 ; Gould, B. of E. iii. pl. 225 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit. iii. pl. 73 ; Newton, ii. p. 482 ; (Dresser), v. p. 3, pl. 274 ; Hargitt, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xviii. p. 518 ; Saunders, p. 278.
Pic noir, French ; Picchio nero, Ital. ; Zwarte Specht, Dutch ; Schwarz-Specht, German ; Sortspet, Dan. ; Svartspet, Norweg. ; Spilkraka, Swed. ; Palokarki, Finn. ; Dyatll-Jelna, Russ.
Male ad. (Finland). Glossy black, tinged with brown on the breast ; wings and tail blackish brown ; crown crimson, narrowing into an occipital crest in the nape ; tarsus feathered in front for about two-thirds of its length ; bill bluish white becoming blackish towards the tip ; legs and feet dark grey ; iris light yellow. Culmen 2.6, wing 9.0, tail 7.0, tarsus 1.3 inch. The female is duller and browner in colour, and the crimson on the head is confined to a patch on the occiput.
Hab. Europe, in pine forests from Lapland down to the Pyrenees and Sicily ; of rare occurrence on the Iberian penin¬sula, but its occurrence in Britain has not been substantiated ; Asia east to Kamchatka and Japan, south to Mongolia, Man¬churia, and Northern China.
Frequents forests where old and decayed trees are numerous, and is as a rule shy and wary. Its note is a loud kree, kree, kree, which is often uttered, especially before rainy weather. Its flight is heavy, but swift, consisting of a succession of bow-shaped dips, and it seldom flies far at a time. Its food consists chiefly, if not entirely, of insects of various kinds, especially ants. It bores its rather deep nest hole at some height in an aspen, fir, birch, or poplar tree, and in April or May deposits 4 eggs on the chips at the bottom of the nest-hole. These are glossy white tapering towards the smaller end and measure about 1.36 by 1.01.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
623. Picus martius
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
623
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
437
Common name: 
Great Black Woodpecker
M_ID: 
10990
M_CN: 
Black Woodpecker
M_SN: 
Dryocopus martius
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10282

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