999. Thriponax javensis.
The Malay Black Woodpecker.
Picus javensis, Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. xiii, p. 176 (1821). Picus leucogaster, Valenc. Diet. Sc. Nat. xl, p. 178 (1826). Hemilophus javensis, Blyth, Cat. p. 55. Mulleripicus javensis, Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 652. Thriponax javensis, Blyth, Birds Burm. p. 75 ; Hume, S. F. iii, p. 319; id. Cat. no. 169 quat.; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 135; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 27 ; Hargitt, Ibis, 1885, p. 145; id. Cat. B. M. xviii, p. 498.
Coloration. Male. Forehead, crown, nape, and a large malar patch crimson; lower breast, abdomen, flanks, axillaries, and the inner webs near the base of some of the quills, chiefly secondaries, creamy white; all the rest of the plumage black, small white streaks intermixed on sides of neck behind ear-coverts, and on chin and throat; sometimes a white tip to each of the outer primaries.
In the female the crimson is confined to the occiput and nape.
Bill black, lower mandible plumbeous; iris creamy white or yellow; orbital skin dark plumbeous ; legs and feet pale plumbeous (Davison).
Length about 17 ; tail 7 ; wing 9 ; tarsus 1.4 ; bill from gape 2.4.
Distribution. The Malay Peninsula, ranging into the extreme south of Tenasserim, also Sumatra, Java, Borneo, and several of the Philippine Islands.
Habits, &c. Similar to those of T. feddeni.