997. Thriponax hodgsoni

997. Thriponax hodgsoni.

The Malabar Great Black Woodpecker.

Hemilophus hodgsonii, Jerdon, Madr. Jour, xi, p. 215, pl. ii (1840); Blyth, Cat. p. 55. Picus hodgsonii, Jerdon, Ill. Ind. Orn. pl. v. Mulleripicus hodgsoni, Jerdon, B. I. i, p. 284. Thriponax hodgsoni, Hume, S. F. iii, p. 67; id. Cat. no. 169; Hume & Bourdillon, S. F. iv, p. 390; Butler, S. F. ix, p. 386; Davison, S. F. x, p. 355; McGregor, ibid. p. 437; Hargitt, Ibis, 1885, p. 150 ; id. Cat. B. M. xviii, p. 503; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 116; Davidson, Jour. Bomb. N. H. Soc. vi, p. 335.

The Great Black Woodpecker, Jerdon.

Coloration. Male. Forehead, crown, nape, and large malar patch on each side crimson; lower back and rump, lower breast and upper part of abdomen, flanks, axillaries, and basal portion (1-1-15 inches long) of inner webs of secondaries buffy white; remainder of plumage black.

Female. The crimson is confined to the occiput and nape, all the remainder of the head black.

Bill black ; irides crimson ; legs dark plumbeous (Jerdon).

Length of males about 19, of females 17.5; tail 7; wing 8.5; tarsus 1.5; bill from gape 2.6.

Distribution. Forests near the Malabar coast up to an elevation of about 3000 feet or rather higher, from Travancore to west of Belgaum (16° N. lat.). Not recorded farther north.

Habits, &c. Ashy bird, not noisy, usually found in pairs, sometimes in parties of three to six. It keeps generally to evergreen forest and has a loud, not unpleasant, call-note. The eggs are not known with certainty, and Davidson thinks it lays one only, as he never saw more than three birds together.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.3 1895.
Title in Book: 
997. Thriponax hodgsoni
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Malabar Great Black Woodpecker
Dryocopus javensis hodgsonii
Vol. 3
Term name: 

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