989. Tiga shorei.
The Himalayan Golden-backed Three-toed Woodpecker.
Picus shorei, Vigors, P. Z. 8. 1831, p. 175. Picus (Tiga) shorei, Blyth, J. A. 8. B. xiv, p. 193. Tiga shorei, Blyth, Cat. p. 56, partim ?; Hume, S. F. iii, p. 73, partim; id. Cat. no. 183; Davison, 8. F. ix, p. 357 ; Hargitt, Cat. B. M. xviii, p. 417. Chrysonotus shorei, Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 658; Jerdon, B. I. i, p. 298 ; Anderson, Yunnan Exped., Aves, p. 586; Ball, S. F. vii, p. 206. Chrysonotus biddulphi, Tickell, Walden, Ibis, 1876, p. 344; Hume, S. F. v, p. 497.
The Large Three-toed Woodpecker, Jerdon.
Very similar to T. javanensis. The differences are that in the present species there are two broken black lines down the throat and fore neck, the space between them being isabelline, as is the malar region and sometimes the breast in part. There is less black on the lower parts throughout. There is no black or blackish bar behind the crimson tips of the coronal feathers in the male, and the bases of the feathers are paler ashy ; whilst in the female the feathers on the top of the head are brown with long white shaft-lines.
Bill blackish slaty ; irides crimson ; legs plumbeous (Jerdon).
Length about 12 ; tail 4.25; wing 6; tarsus 1.05 ; bill from gape 1.6.
Distribution. The lower valleys of the Himalayas from Dehra Dun to Bhutan, also Bhamo and the neighbourhood of Thayet Myo in Upper Pegu. It is remarkable that neither this species nor the last appears to have been observed in the countries between Burma and the Himalayas. Reported occurrences of T. shorei in the Indian Peninsula need confirmation; they may have been founded on large specimens of T. javanensis, but one in Blyth's Catalogue, from Goomsur, should not be forgotten.
It is on the whole doubtful whether this form should be kept separate from T. javanensis.