Brachypternus puncticollis, Malh.
181. :- Brachypternus chrysonotus, Less. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol, I, p. 296; Butler, Deccan; Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 386.
THE LESSER GOLDEN-BACKED WOODPECKER.
Length, 11.5 ; expanse, 17 ; wing, 5.25; tail, 3.25 ; bill at front, 1.12.
Bill dark slaty ; irides crimson; legs plumbeous-green.
Very similar to the last, but smaller ; the frontal feathers are more mixed with black in the male; the black of the nape is continued lower upon the shoulders, contrasting strongly with the golden-orange of the back; the wings are of a duller golden; the eye-streak is narrower, but darker and more strongly defined, and it has the white spots smaller ; the white markings of the throat and foreneck are also smaller, and consist of round oval points, being edged on the sides of the neck by unspotted black ; and, lastly, the white markings of the under parts are narrower, giving a generally darker hue to the breast and abdomen.
The Lesser Golden-backed Woodpecker only occurs in the Deccan, where it replaces B. aurantius, from which it is only doubtfully distinct.
SUB-FAMILY, Yunginae. Bill short, conical, somewhat round, straight, pointed; nostrils basal, approximate, near the culmen, narrow, pierced in the membrane, apert ; wings moderate, pointed, second and third quills subequal, but third the longest, first nearly as long, and fourth only a little shorter ; tail moderate, flexible, broad, slightly rounded, or nearly even, of twelve feathers, the two outer small, as in the Woodpeckers; tarsus short, with the toes in pairs; posterior (outer) toe long but equal to the anterior outer; hind and inner-toes short; claws well curved and compressed.