913. Dicaeum trigonostigma.
The Orange-bellied Flower-pecker.
Certhia trigonostigma, Scop. Del. Fl. et Faun. Insub. ii, p. 91 (1786). Dicaeum trigonostigma (Scop.), Blyth, Cat. p. 226; Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 748; Wald, P. Z. S. 1866, p. 645; id. Ibis, 1876, p. 349, pl. x, f. 2; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 194; Hume, Cat. no. 236 bis; Oates, B. B. i, p. 336; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. x, p. 38; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 272.
Coloration. Male. Forehead, crown, nape, sides of the head and neck, scapulars, and wing-coverts dull blue; back and rump naming orange-yellow, deeper on the back; upper tail-coverts dull blue; chin, throat, cheeks, and breast ashy grey; abdomen, sides of the body, vent, and under tail-coverts flaming orange; under wing-coverts and axillaries whitish; tail black; wings black, edged with dull blue.
Female. Forehead, crown, nape, back, sides of the neck, and scapulars olive-green ; rump and upper tail-coverts yellow, tinged with orange at the tips of the feathers ; tail blackish ; coverts and wings dark brown, narrowly edged with olive-green; sides of the head pale ashy; chin and throat sordid green ; breast and sides of the body ashy green; abdomen, vent, and under tail-coverts bright yellow.
The young resemble the female, but have the abdomen dull yellow.
Male: legs and feet horny black; bill black; iris brown. Female: legs, feet, and claws greenish to dark plumbeous ; upper mandible from tip to nostrils and tip of the lower mandible blackish horny; base of upper mandible reddish brown; lower mandible (except the tip) and gape pale orange-brown to orange-vermilion ; iris grey to dark brown (Hume & Davison).
Length 3.6 ; tail 1; wing 1.9 ; tarsus .5 ; bill from gape .55.
Distribution. Burma. Wardlaw Ramsay obtained this species in the Karen hills east of Toungngoo at 3000 feet elevation, and I procured it near the town of Pegu. Davison observed it in Tenasserim from Moulmein southwards to Bankasun. It extends to Cochin China and the Malay peninsula.