(1315) Pachyglossa melanoxantha.
The Yellow-bellied Flower-pecker.
Pachyglossa melanoxantha Hodgs., J. A. S. B., xii, p. 1010 (1843) (Nepal); Blanf. & Oates, ii, p. 886.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. - Male. Whole upper plumage, sides of neck and breast and wing-coverts velvety-black ; wing-quills brownish-black, edged with velvety-black; two outer pairs of tail-feathers with a large white patch at top of the inner web, sometimes very small, or even absent, on the penultimate feathers ; middle of chin and throat, breast, axillaries and under wing-coverts white ; remainder of lower plumage bright yellow.
Colours of soft parts. Iris red; bill black; legs and feet dark plumbeous.
Measurements. Total length about 110 mm.; wing 72 to 76 mm.; tail 40 to 42 mm.; tarsus 14 to 15 mm. ; culmen about 8 to 9 mm.
Female. Upper parts olive-brown; the tail marked as in the male but less boldly; sides of the head, neck and breast greyish-olive ; chin, throat and centre of breast dull white; remaining underparts pale yellow, washed with olive on the flanks and vent; axillaries and under wing-coverts white.
Young males are like the female but with brighter underparts and darker wings and tail.
Distribution. Sikkim and Nepal to Eastern Assam and the higher hill-ranges South of the Brahmaputra.
Habits. Much the same as those of the two preceding genera.