919. Dicaeum erythrorhynchus.
Certhia erythrorhynchos, Lath. Ind. Orn. i, p. 299 (1790). Nectarinia minima, Tickell, J A. S. B. ii, p. 577 (1833). Dicaeum tickelliae, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xii, p. 983 (1843). Dicaeum minimum (Tick.), Blyth, Cat. p. 227; Horsf. & 31. Cat. ii, p. 750; Jerd. B. 1. i, p. 374 ; Hume, N. & E. p. 155; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 574. Dicaeum erythrorhynchus (Lath.), Hume, Cat. no. 238; Oates, B. B. i. p. 334 ; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 133; Sharpe, Cat. B. 31. x, p. 48 ; Oates in Hume's N. & F. 2nd ed. ii, p. 274.
Coloration. Upper plumage ashy olive, the feathers of the crown with dark centres ; tail dark brown; wings and coverts brown, edged with ashy olive; sides of the head and lower plumage buffy white.
Iris brown; legs and feet bluish plumbeous; bill pale livid fleshy, dusky brown on the culmen towards the tip of the upper mandible (Butler).
Length 3.2 ; tail 1; wing 1.8; tarsus .5 ; bill from gape .5.
Distribution. Occurs over the greater part of the peninsula of India, from the Himalayas to Ceylon. Its western limits are difficult to define for want of information. It is abundant in South Guzerat, and I have seen specimens procured at Dehra and at Dharmsala, but none from intermediate localities. It probably follows the margin of the arid region of Eajputana, keeping well outside it. To the east it ranges along the foot of the Himalayas to Dibrugarh, and it has been procured in the Garo hills. Blyth records it from Arrakan and Tenasserim, and in the latter divison Bingham, as quoted by Hume, once obtained a specimen.
Habits, &c. Breeds in March, April, and May, constructing a small nest about 3 inches long, which is suspended from the extremity of a twig on a tree. The nest is made of fine vegetable fibres and down and generally well concealed under some drooping leaves. The eggs, usually two in number, are glossless white and measure .58 by .41.