1304. Dicaeum concolor concolor

(1304) Dicaeum concolor concolor Jerdon.
THE NILGIRI PLAIN-COLOURED FLOWER-PECKER.
Dicosum minullum concolor, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iii, p. 420.
Dicaeum concolor concolor ibid, vol. viii, p. 667.
This little Flower-pecker is found from North Kanara to South Travancore, through the Nilgiri, Palni and other ranges of bills, resident and breeding from the foot-hills to the highest peaks. It is a bird of open country, gardens and the vicinity of villages, but they also breed in forest, for Howard Campbell says : “Nests are not uncommon in the sholas about Ooty. They build both in and on the outskirts of these and also in and about the station itself.”
Rhodes Morgan describes the nest as being exactly like those already described of other Flower-peckers. Bourdillon (Travancore), Cardew and Campbell (Ooty) and Davison (Kanara) also agree with this. In Hume’s ‘Neats and Eggs,' however, there are two descrip¬tions given which do not agree and, as the identification in both instances seems satisfactory, it is necessary to quote them. Hume himself says “The nests of the Nilghiri Flower-pecker are regular purses, comparatively large lor the size of the bird, reminding one much of those of Piprisoma agile. They are hung like those of the Arachnechthra’s from a slender twig, but whereas the apertures in the Honey-suckers’ are in the sides or parallel with the supporting twigs, the entrance in the Flower-peckers’ is in front, or at right-angles to the twig. They are lined with the finest and silkiest vegetable down, and externally the nest is composed of vegetable fibres, lichen, little pieces of grass, portions of leaves, and some little cobwebs ; lining and all included, they are scarcely anywhere more than 5/8 inch in thickness. They vary a great deal in size externally ; some are at least 4 inches deep, measured from the bottom of the nest to the top of the suspending twig ; others are not above 3 inches. Internally the cavity is from 1.1/2 to 1.3/4 inches in depth and in diameter 1 to 2 inches.”
Davison says that nests taken by him are "pear-shaped, composed externally of cotton, bits of moss, a few odd feathers, and the pappus of asteraceous plants, closely and compactly put together ; on the inside it is thickly felted with this pappus and other soft substance mixed with feathers.”
The usual breeding months are February to April, but many birds also lay in January and again in May and June, perhaps second broods, though Bourdillon gives March to May as the normal breeding months in Travancore,
The number of eggs laid is nearly always two only, very seldom three, Davison and Hume say that this species normally lays three, but everyone else says two only.
They are quite typical of the genus in appearance, and twenty average 14.7 x 10.6 mm, : maxima 19.2 x 10.6 and 14.5 x 11.1 mm. ; minima 14.0 x 10.1.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1304. Dicaeum concolor concolor
Spp Author: 
Jerdon.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1304
Year: 
1934
Page No: 
242
Common name: 
Nilgiri Plain Coloured Flover Pecker
M_ID: 
28738
M_CN: 
Nilgiri Flowerpecker
M_SN: 
Dicaeum concolor
Volume: 
Vol. 3
Term name: 
id: 
14402

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith