(1312) Piprisoma squalidum modestum.
Prionochilus modestus Hume, Str. Feath., iii, p. 298 (1875) (South Tenasserim). Piprisoma modestum. Blanf. & Oates, ii, p. 388.
Vernacular names. Dao-kashiba-barto-lai (Cachari).
Description. Similar to the preceding bird but olive-green above instead of olive-brown; the lower surface is more yellow, less buff and is more strongly streaked with brown on the throat. The lower mandible is comparatively slender with the line of the lower edge almost straight instead of angular and swollen.
Colours of soft parts. The same as in the Thick-hilled Flower-pecker.
Measurements. Wing 56 to 62 mm.; tail 29 to 32 mm.; tarsus about 11 to 12 mm.; culmen about 7 to 8 mm.
Distribution. Assam, North and South of the Brahmaputra,, throughout the hilly country of Burma to Tenasserim, Shan States and Siam.
Nidification. Exactly the same as that of the preceding -subspecies. In North Cachar I found this bird paired and •evidently breeding in March and April and two nests found in the latter month had nearly full-fledged young. Later I found nests with eggs in May and June and probably two broods are often hatched. The nests and eggs cannot be distinguished from the normal type made and laid by the Thick-billed Flower-pecker, but most of my nests were taken from trees about ten feet up or less. One built on a wild mango was about thirty feet from the ground. The few eggs I have seen varied between 15.0 x 10.8 mm. and 15.9x12.0 mm. They are handsome eggs, the red-brown blotches showing up well on the bright pink ground.
Habits. This is more of a forest bird than the preceding one but; it prefers light forest or openings such as jungle tracks and roads, riverside banks and open glades. It also frequents the secondary jungle growing in deserted rice-fields. Except for its haunting forests its habits do not differ from those of the typical race.