Dendrocygna javanica, Horsf.
952. :- D. awsuree, Sykes. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 789 ; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. IV, p. 27; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 436; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 287 ; Game Birds of India, Vol., III, p. 110; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India, Ibis, 1885, p. 137.
THE WHISTLING TEAL.
Length, 16 to 17.45 ; expanse, 27.25 to 30.3; wing, 7 to 8.04 ; tail, 2.3 to 3.02 ; tarsus, 1.6 to 1.92 ; bill from gape, 1.7 to 2.06 ; weight, 1 to 1 1/4 lbs.
Bill blackish; irides brown; orbits bright-yellow; legs and feet dark plumbeous.
Head and occiput dull wood-brown ; face, ears, and neck, pale whity-brown, becoming darker on the back of the neck and upper back, and faintly edged with pale rusty; back and scapulars dusky-black, broadly edged with rusty-brown ; rump glossy black ; upper tail-coverts chesnut; tail brown with slightly paler edges; lesser and median wing-coverts fine rich maroon-red ; greater-coverts and all the quills dusky-black; beneath, the chin and throat albescent ; the neck whity-brown, passing into brown, yellowish on the lower neck, and gradually merging into the deep ferruginous or light chesnut of the whole of the lower surface ; vent and under tail-coverts albescent.
The Whistling Teal is very common in Sind, fairly common in Central India and Rajputana, and not uncommon in Guzerat; in all these places, I believe, it to be a permanent resident; in the Deccan, where it is more or less rare, it only occurs as a seasonal visitant. The nest is usually placed on the lower limb of a largish tree, but occasionally old crow nests are utilized. The eggs, ten to fourteen in number, are of a broad oval shape, and are nearly pure white in color.
They measure 1.86 inches in length by 1.48 in breadth.