Genus DENDROCOPUS

Bill wedge-shaped, upper mandible compressed towards the end; culmen angulate, straight or very slightly curved, nasal ridge commencing halfway between culmen and commissure and extending more than half the length of the bill; nostrils concealed by plumes, chin-angle similarly concealed; gonys sharply angulate; fourth (outer hind) toe longer than third (outer fore); occiput slightly crested, more in some species than in others ; wing rather pointed, the primaries exceeding the secondaries by about the length of the culmen. Upper plumage black and white, more or less in bars; lower plumage white or fulvous, generally streaked brown or black. Crown and occiput wholly or partly red in males, black or brown in females.

A large genus, of which the type is the European Picus major, and which ranges over almost the whole of Europe, Asia, and North America. Ten species occur within Indian limits.

Key to the Species.

a. Middle tail-feathers entirely black, outer barred white.
a1. Back entirely black.
a2. Lower parts not striated.
a3. Scapulars black.
a4. Under tail-coverts red, not ab¬domen ; crown red in black in…………………..D. himalayensis, p. 34.
b4. Abdomen and under tail-coverts red; crown always black; occiput red in males only…………………..D. cabanisi, p. 35.
b3. Scapulars white …………………..D. sindianus, p. 36.
b2. Lower parts striated; occiput red in black in.
c3. Larger, wing 5 ; no red gorget .... D. darjilensis, p. 37.
d3. Smaller, wing 4; no red gorget…………………..D. cathpharius, p. 37.
e3. Smaller, wing 4; a red gorget .... D. pyrrhothorax, p. 38,
b1. Back transversely barred with white,
c2. Crown and occiput crimson in, black in.
f3. Throat and fore neck uniform; breast spotted…………………..D. macii, p. 39.
g3. All lower parts except chin striated…………………..D. atratus, p. 40.
d2. Crown umber-brown in both sexes; occiput crimson and yellow in dull yellow in…………………..D. auriceps, p. 40.
b. All tail-feathers parti-coloured black and white.
c1. Small spots on breast.
e2. Crown red…………………..D. pectoralis p. 41.
f2. Crown black…………………..D. pectoralis p. 41.
d1. Spots on breast broader than white spaces between.
g2. Crown and occiput red…………………..D. andamanensis p.42.
h2. Crown and occiput brown…………………..D. andamanensis p. 42.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.3 1895.
Title in Book: 
Genus DENDROCOPUS
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1895
Page No: 
33
M_ID: 
10577
M_SN: 
Dendrocopos
Volume: 
vol. 3
Term name: 
id: 
1316

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