976. Iyngipicus hardwickii

976. Iyngipicus hardwickii.

The Indian Pigmy Woodpecker.

Picus (Dendrocopus) hardwickii, Jerdon, Madr. Jour. L. S. xiii, pt. 2, p. 138 (1844). Picus cinereigula, Malh. Rev. et Mag. Zool. 1849, p. 531. Picus variegatus, apud Blyth, Cat. p. 64 (nec Wagler). Yungipicus hardwickii, Jerdon, B. I. i, p. 278; id. Ibis, 1872, p. 8 ; Blanf. J. A. S. B. xxxviii, pt. 2, p. 168; McMaster, J. A. S. B. xl, pt. 2, p. 209; Hume, S. F. iii, p. 458; iv, p. 36; Fairbank, S. F. iv, pp. 255, 265. Yungipicus nanus, apud Ball, S. F. ii, p. 390; vii, p. 205 ; Hume, S. F. iii, p. 60; id. Cat. no. 164 ; Vidal, S. F. ix, p. 52 ; Butler, ib. p. 385; Davidson, S. F. x, p. 297 ; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 113 ; Littledale, Jour. Bomb. N. H. Soc. i, p. 197 (nec Vigors). Iyngipicus nanus, Reid, S. F. x, p. 24. Iyngipicus hardwickii, Hargitt, Ibis, 1882, p. 45; id. Cat. B. M. xviii, p. 328; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 306.

The Southern Pigmy Woodpecker, Jerdon; Chitta siruti pachi, Tel.

Coloration. Male. Forehead and crown light umber-brown, nape darker; no dark border at the side of the crown but a narrow scarlet streak on each side of the occiput; lores and some of the nasal plumes brownish white ; a white stripe from above the eye to the side of the neck; a broad umber-brown band from the eye over the ear-coverts, and a second white stripe beneath the brown band; upper parts from nape dark brown with white cross-bands, rump and upper tail-coverts mostly white; quills, greater and coloration. Male. Forehead and crown light umber-brown, nape darker; no dark border at the side of the crown but a narrow scarlet streak on each side of the occiput; lores and some of the nasal plumes brownish white ; a white stripe from above the eye to the side of the neck; a broad umber-brown band from the eye over the ear-coverts, and a second white stripe beneath the brown band; upper parts from nape dark brown with white cross-bands, rump and upper tail-coverts mostly white; quills, greater and median coverts with white spots, smaller coverts unspotted; all tail-feathers with spots on both webs white above, fulvous below ; malar region and chin grey, the feathers tipped white but the ashy bases showing; remainder of lower parts brownish white with brown longitudinal streaks.

The female wants the occipital scarlet streaks.

Bill and legs plumbeous ; orbital skin lake ; irides pale yellow (Jerdon).

Length 5; tail 1.7 ; wing 3; tarsus .55; bill from gape .65.

Distribution. The greater part of the Indian Peninsula, from the base of the N.W. Himalayas to Mysore, and from Mount Abu to Chutia Nagpur, wanting in the open plains of Rajputana, the Deccan, &c. The Southern forms from the Western Ghats near Belgaum and from Mysore have darker heads, and thus show a passage towards I. gymnophthalmus.

Habits, &c. This Woodpecker is found chiefly in forest, but also in groves and gardens in well-wooded districts, and is frequently seen in parties of three or four, on the stems and branches of trees, generally climbing, but sometimes, as Jerdon observes, perching, and hopping from Rough to Rough. It breeds in the N.W. Provinces in March; its nest-hole has been several times recorded in a dead branch of a mango-tree, also in siris (Acacia catechu), and the eggs, usually 3 or 4 in number, are white and somewhat spherical, and measure about .7 by .52.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.3 1895.
Title in Book: 
976. Iyngipicus hardwickii
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
CatNo: 
976
Year: 
1895
Page No: 
47
Common name: 
Indian Pigmy Woodpecker
M_ID: 
10598
M_SN: 
Dendrocopos nanus hardwickii
Volume: 
Vol. 3
Term name: 
id: 
1334

Add new comment

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith