644. Dendrocopus medius

644. MIDDLE SPOTTED WOODPECKER.
DENDROCOPUS MEDIUS.
Dendrocopus medius (Linn.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 176 (1766) ; (Naum.), v. p. 320, Taf. 136, figs. 1, 2 ; (Gould), B. of E. iii. pl. 230 ; Hargitt Cat. B. Br. Mus. xviii. p. 286 ; (Dresser), v. p. 47, pl. 381.
Picmar, French ; Picapau malhado, Portug ; Picapuerco Picorelincho, Span. ; Picchio-mezzano, Ital. ; Mittelspecht, Germ. ; Middelste-bonte-Specht, Dutch ; Mellemspette, Dan ; Mellanspet, Swed.
Male ad. (S. Europe). Forehead buffy white ; crown rich vermilion ; sides of the head white, tinged with grey on the ear-coverts, and brown on the cheeks ; on the sides of the neck a triangular patch of black from the hind-checks to the sides of the breast, passing also behind the ear-coverts nearly to the crown ; nape and back black, tinged with grey on the rump ; scapulars and the innermost wing-coverts white ; quills blackish, externally spotted with white on the secondaries, forming four bars ; tail black, the outer feathers barred and spotted with white ; throat white ; chest yellowish white, having on each side a crescentic line of black, nearly joined in the middle ; abdomen rose colour ; flanks striped with black ; bill plumbeous paler at the base ; legs plumbeous ; iris cinnabar red. Culmen 1.0, wing 4.8, tail 33, tarsus 0.8 inch. The female differs little from the male being duller in colour.
Hab. Western, Central and Southern Europe from Southern Sweden to the Mediterranean, east to Southern Russia and the Caucasus ; not occurring in Great Britain, Norway, or Finland.
Although it resembles V. major in its general habits, it differs in affecting deciduous woods and groves, but seldom being seen in conifer woods, and is often seen in meadows where old oaks are scattered about, or in gardens, or orchards. Its flight is swifter and lighter than that of D. major, but its note is very similar. It feeds on insects and their larvae but also eats seeds and nuts. It bores its nest-hole in a non-evergreen tree, usually at a considerable height, and in April deposits five glossy white eggs which measure about 0.93 by 0.72.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
644. Dendrocopus medius
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
644
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
449
Common name: 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker
M_ID: 
10669
M_CN: 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker
M_SN: 
Dendrocopos medius
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10547

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