Picus mahrattensis, Lath.
160. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. I, p. 274; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. III, p. 458; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 385 ; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 114; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis, 1885, p. 62.
THE YELLOW-FRONTED WOODPECKER.
Length, 7.5 to 7.75 expanse, 12.5 ; wing, 4 to 4.4; tail, 2.5 ; bill at front, 1.
Bill slaty-plumbeous ; irides crimson; legs cinereous.
Plumage above, wings, and tail, black, banded with white; forehead and top of head pale yellow; occiput bright crimson in the male, yellow in the female ; lores, around the eyes, ear-coverts, sides of neck behind the throat, and middle of the neck and breast, white, a brown stripe commencing near the nape, down the sides of the neck and breast; breast and abdomen brown, with pale edges to the feathers; a patch of crimson on the centre of the abdomen continued to the vent.
The fellow-fronted Woodpecker occurs sparingly in Sind, but is common throughout the remaining portion of the district. It is a permanent resident breeding about March; it lays three transparent white eggs, at the bottom of a hole, pierced in a decayed branch of a tree ; there is no nest, except a few chips that may have fallen in during the time the hole was being excavated. They measure 0.87 inches in Length, by 0.68 in breadth.