1374. Leiopicus malirattensis malirattensis

(1374) Leiopicus mahrattensis mahrattensis * (Lath.).
The SOUTHERN YELLOW-FRONTED PIED WOODPECKER.
Leiopicus mahrattensis mahrattensis, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iv., p. 46.
Adhering to the distribution of this bird as given in the ‘Fauna,’ this Woodpecker is found in Ceylon and the whole of Southern India, on the West about as far North as Poona ; the Deccan, Berar in Central India, Bustar and the Northern Circars, Orissa, Manbhum and Birbhum (Borabhum). It is not the form in the drier districts of Chota Nagpur, though these are further South,
This Yellow-fronted Woodpecker is not uncommon in many parts of South-West India, and all the notes in Hume’s ‘Nests and Eggs’ refer to the Southern rather than to the Northern race. They breed from the plains up to at least 4,000 feet, as Aitken (B.) found them at this elevation near Poona in May. The birds frequent open country, roadsides, gardens and orchards, and Bourdillon says they are rare in Travancore, which is too heavily wooded for them. While they may at odd times be found breeding in almost any kind of tree, Babools and Acacias of no great size are those most often selected, the entrance-tunnel being cut either in the trunk or in the underside of a branch low down, between 5 and 20 feet from the ground. In Ceylon Wait notes that they generally choose Euphorbias in which to cut out their homes. Trees are generally selected which are decayed in the centre, though frequently the birds work out their nest-holes in quite sound wood.
The breeding season in Southern India is January to March, in which latter month Davison took many nests in Kanara. In Ceylon Wait says that most birds breed in May and July.
Two to four eggs are laid and twenty-four average 22.2 x 10.4 mm. ; maxima 23.2 x 16.0 and 22.5 x 17.2 mm. ; minima 19.2 x 15.0 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1374. Leiopicus malirattensis malirattensis
Spp Author: 
Lath.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1374
Year: 
1934
Page No: 
292
Common name: 
Sourn Yellow Fronted Pied Woodpecker
M_ID: 
10657
M_SN: 
Dendrocopos mahrattensis mahrattensis
Volume: 
Vol. 3
id: 
14482

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith