641. Dendrocopus leuconotus

641. WHITE-BACKED WOODPECKER.
DENDROCOPUS LEUCONOTUS.
Dendrecopus leuconotus (Bechst.), Naturg. Deutschl. ii. p. 1034, Taf. 25, figs. t 2 (1805) ; (Naum.) v. p. 313, Taf. 135, figs. 1, 2 ; Gould, B. of E. iii. p. 228 ; (Dresser), v. p. 39, pl. 279 ; Hargitt, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xviii. p. 268 ; (Tacz.), F. O. Sib. O. p. 701 ; D. cirris, Pall. Zoogr. Ross. As. i. p. 410 (1811) ; D. subcirris (Stejn), Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 1886 p. 113.
Weissspecht, Weissruckiger Specht, Germ. ; Hvidrygget Flagspett, Dan. and Norweg. ; Hvitryggiga Hackspett, Swed ; Valkoselka Tikka, Finn. ; O-akagera Jap.
Male ad. (Sweden). Forehead buffy white ; crown to the nape scarlet ; sides of the face and neck forming an interrupted collar, white ; cheeks and a line to the breast, upper back, and upper tail-coverts black ; lower back white, with a few faint black markings ; wings black, spotted with white, as are the outer tail feathers, the latter also barred ; middle tail feathers black ; under parts white, the throat and chest tinged with yellowish, the abdomen and under tail-coverts tinged with vermilion, the flanks striped with black ; bill horn-blue ; legs lead grey ; iris nut-brown. Culmen 1.5, wing 5.7, tail 3.7, tarsus 1.0 inch. The female, differs in having the crown black.
Hab. Northern and central Europe to N. Italy, Turkey and Southern Russia ; Asia, through Siberia to Kamchatka, Mongolia, Manchuria, Corea, Yesso, and the northern part of the main Island of Japan. Not found in Great Britain.
In its general habits it is much less wild than its congeners ; it frequents deciduous woods and groves, and is not found in conifer woods. Its note is softer and it is quieter than the other Woodpeckers. In winter it is to be found in gardens and even in villages. It feeds almost if not quite exclusively on insects of various kinds, but may in the autumn occasionally eat berries. It breeds in April boring its nest-hole usually in a very rotten tree, an elm, ash, or birch, and but rarely an oak, and deposits 3 or 4 glossy white eggs, like those of D. major, which measure about 1.7 by 0.76.
Examples from Eastern Europe and N. Siberia have as a rule the upper parts whiter, but I cannot consider them as even subspecifically separable.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
641. Dendrocopus leuconotus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
641
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
447
Common name: 
White Backed Woodpecker
M_ID: 
10695
M_CN: 
White-winged Woodpecker
M_SN: 
Dendrocopos leucopterus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
11085

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