641. Dendrocopus leuconotus

Dendrecopus leuconotus (Bechst.), Naturg. Deutschl. ii. p. 1034, Taf. 25, figs. t 2 (1805) ; (Naum.) v. p. 313, Taf. 135, figs. 1, 2 ; Gould, B. of E. iii. p. 228 ; (Dresser), v. p. 39, pl. 279 ; Hargitt, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xviii. p. 268 ; (Tacz.), F. O. Sib. O. p. 701 ; D. cirris, Pall. Zoogr. Ross. As. i. p. 410 (1811) ; D. subcirris (Stejn), Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 1886 p. 113.
Weissspecht, Weissruckiger Specht, Germ. ; Hvidrygget Flagspett, Dan. and Norweg. ; Hvitryggiga Hackspett, Swed ; Valkoselka Tikka, Finn. ; O-akagera Jap.
Male ad. (Sweden). Forehead buffy white ; crown to the nape scarlet ; sides of the face and neck forming an interrupted collar, white ; cheeks and a line to the breast, upper back, and upper tail-coverts black ; lower back white, with a few faint black markings ; wings black, spotted with white, as are the outer tail feathers, the latter also barred ; middle tail feathers black ; under parts white, the throat and chest tinged with yellowish, the abdomen and under tail-coverts tinged with vermilion, the flanks striped with black ; bill horn-blue ; legs lead grey ; iris nut-brown. Culmen 1.5, wing 5.7, tail 3.7, tarsus 1.0 inch. The female, differs in having the crown black.
Hab. Northern and central Europe to N. Italy, Turkey and Southern Russia ; Asia, through Siberia to Kamchatka, Mongolia, Manchuria, Corea, Yesso, and the northern part of the main Island of Japan. Not found in Great Britain.
In its general habits it is much less wild than its congeners ; it frequents deciduous woods and groves, and is not found in conifer woods. Its note is softer and it is quieter than the other Woodpeckers. In winter it is to be found in gardens and even in villages. It feeds almost if not quite exclusively on insects of various kinds, but may in the autumn occasionally eat berries. It breeds in April boring its nest-hole usually in a very rotten tree, an elm, ash, or birch, and but rarely an oak, and deposits 3 or 4 glossy white eggs, like those of D. major, which measure about 1.7 by 0.76.
Examples from Eastern Europe and N. Siberia have as a rule the upper parts whiter, but I cannot consider them as even subspecifically separable.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
641. Dendrocopus leuconotus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
White Backed Woodpecker
White-winged Woodpecker
Dendrocopos leucopterus
Vol. 1

Add new comment

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith