960. Hypopicus hyperythrus

960. Hypopicus hyperythrus.

The Rufous-bellied Pied Woodpecker.

Picus hyperythrus, Vigors, P. Z. S. 1831, p. 23; Blyth, J. A. S. B. xiv, p 196 ; id. Cat. p. 63 ; Blanford, J. A. S. B. xii, pt. 2, p. 43. Hypopicus hyperythrus, Bonap. Conxp. Valuer. Zygod. p. 8 ; Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 675; Jerdon, B. I. i, p. 276; id. Ibis, 1872, p. 7; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xliii, pt. 2, p. 155; Hume, Cat. no. 161 ; id. S. F. xi, p. 59; Hargitt, Cat. B. 31. xviii, p. 199; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii. p. 301; Sharpe, Yark. Miss., Aves, p. 109.

Coloration. Male. Nasal plumes black, white at the base; base of forehead, sides of face, and chin grey (mixed black and white): lores, a stripe below the eye and a spot above and behind the eye pure white ; crown and nape crimson ; upper plumage from neck to rump broadly barred black and white; quills black, spotted on both webs and tipped with white, inner webs of primaries unspotted near the tips; four middle tail-feathers black, the next pair black with fulvous-white spots on the outer webs; the two outer large feathers on each side barred black and fulvous white ; sides of neck and lower parts from throat bright chestnut ; vent and lower tail-coverts light crimson ; thigh-coverts and under wing-coverts banded black and white; axillaries white.

Female. The crown and nape black, spotted with white. In young birds there are bars on the lower plumage.

Bill black above, whitish beneath; legs plumbeous {Jerdon). Bill pale yellow beneath {Godwin-Austen).

Length 8 ; tail 3.5 ; wing 5 ; tarsus 0.85 ; bill from gape 1.

Distribution. Throughout the Himalayas from Murree to Sikhim and probably to Eastern Tibet, also in the Khasi, Naga, and Manipur hills, at 4000 to 5000 feet elevation. This Woodpecker has been obtained in Cochin China, but not in Burma. It ranges to a considerable elevation on the Himalayas, and is the commonest Woodpecker in the pine-forests of Sikhim, at 9000-12,000 feet above the sea.

Habits, &c. The nest has been observed by Col. C. H. T. Marshall at Murree, and the eggs taken towards the latter end of April. The nests were as usual mere holes in trees, and the eggs, deposited on the bare wood, were regular ovals, pure white, measuring about .87 by .67.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.3 1895.
Title in Book: 
960. Hypopicus hyperythrus
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
CatNo: 
960
Year: 
1895
Page No: 
32
Common name: 
Rufous Bellied Pied Woodpecker
M_ID: 
10578
M_CN: 
Rufous-bellied Woodpecker
M_SN: 
Dendrocopos hyperythrus
Volume: 
Vol. 3
id: 
1315

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