974. Iyngipicus pygmaeus.
The Himalayan Pigmy Woodpecker.
Picus pygmams, Vigors, P. Z. S. 1831, p. 44; Blyth, J. A. S. B. xiv, p. 197 (partim) ; id. Cat. p. 63. Picus mitchellii, Malh. Rev. Mag. Zool. 1849, p. 530. Yungipicus pygmaeus, Horsf. & M. Cat. p. 676; Jerdon, B, I. i, p. 277; Hume, S. F. iii, p. 60; id. Cat. no. 163; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 247. Iyngipicus pygmaeus, Hargitt, Ibis, 1882, p. 30; id. Cat. B. M. xviii, p. 315 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 306.
The only important distinction from I. semicoronatus is that in the male of the present species there is no red band across the occiput, but merely a few scarlet feathers forming a short, very narrow, longitudinal stripe bordering the occiput on each side. There is no constant difference in the females, but as a rule the dimensions of I. pygmaeus are rather larger, and the white bands and spots on the upper surface are more developed.
Bill grey horny ; irides dark red; feet dingy green (Scully).
Length 5.6 ; tail 2.1; wing 3.5 ; tarsus .65 ; bill from gape .7.
Distribution. Forests of the base and lower valleys of the Western Himalayas from around Katmandu in Nepal to Mussooree.
Habits, &c. According to Mr. B. Thompson this Pigmy Woodpecker breeds in the dense forest districts of the bhabar and lower valleys of Kumaun in April and May, laying 4 or 5 eggs. The birds migrate into cultivated districts in winter.