1370. Dryobates brunnifrons

(1370) Dryobates brunnifrons Gould.
Dryobates auriceps, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iv, p. 42.
Dryobates brunnifrons, ibid, vol. viii, p. 671.
The range of this Woodpecker extends from the Afghan and Baluchistan boundaries, through Kashmir, to the Simla States, Garhwal and Nepal.
This is one of the most common Woodpeckers of North-West India between 2,000 and 6,000 feet, while it sometimes breeds as high as 7,500 feet, at which altitude Dodsworth and Jones obtained eggs. They breed both in forest and in open country while Hutton obtained four eggs from a hole bored in a hard oak post of agate to a field near his servants’ quarters, Hume says they prefer Oak and Pir to other trees and other collectors have noted its preference for the first named. In a letter to me Dodsworth writes :— “The Brown- fronted Woodpecker is quite common round about Simla and breeds up to practically 7,000 feet. It frequents and breeds in both pine forests, Deodar and mixed oak and other forest, but I think prefers oak, making its nest at any height from the ground. Sometimes, generally I think, it cuts out its own nest-hole, less often it employs a deserted nest of a Barbet or even a natural hollow. April is the usual breeding month.” Hume says they make the nest-hole at any height from 6 to 40 feet from the ground ; Whymper found nests in Medlar and Bhary trees “under 10 feet from the ground,” while Unwin took one at Agrore in a hole in a Fir-tree 9 feet from the ground.
Hutton records that “A Paroquet (P. rosea) made a hole in a tree but was shortly after driven out by a P. brunnifrons who, however, in three or four days also left it.”
The breeding season is April and May.
The full clutch of eggs is four or five, fifty averaging 23.4 x 17.4 mm. : maxima 26.1 x 17.2 and 24.0 x 18.2 mm. ; minima 20.0 x 15.3 mm.
Some eggs are decidedly long, but not pointed ovals.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1370. Dryobates brunnifrons
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Brown Fronted Pied Woodpecker
Brown-fronted Woodpecker
Dendrocopos auriceps
Vol. 3

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