1373. Dryobates analis andamanensis

(1373) Dryobates analis andamanensis Blyth.
Dryobates analis andamanensis, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed, vol. iv. p. 45.
This Woodpecker is confined to the Andamans, where Osmaston, Wickham and Anderson all found it breeding freely round about Port Blair, frequenting avenues, gardens and open country round the settlement. They bore their nest-holes both in the larger branches and the trunks of trees, generally between 5 and 15 feet from the ground. The favourite tree is undonbtedly the "Rain-tree” (Pithecolobium saman), which is largely used in the Andamans for the avenues. When made in branches Osmaston remarks that the entrance is usually on the underside of the branch where, of course, it is protected from rain.
The breeding season is January to March and the earliest and latest dates I have recorded are 18. 1. 07 (Wickham) and 30. 3, 07 (Anderson).
The full clutch of eggs is one to three,
Wickham, in epistola, writes to me :—“The Dendrocopus (=D. a. andamanensis) ben often lays only one egg ; I have more than once taken a single egg hard sot and I twice found nests with one young. Last year Osmaston also got a single egg hard set, though I was so fortunate as to get a clutch of three.”
Thirty eggs average 21.2 x 10.3 mm. : maxima 22.4 x 15.9 and 21.0 x 16.8 mm. ; minima 20.0 x 14.9 mm.
One egg taken by Osmaston is abnormally small, measuring only 18.1 x 13.3 mm.
All the eggs I have seen have been rather short, broad ovals, very little compressed at the smaller end.
* This name has been rejected because it was wrongly quoted as a synonym of minor by Bonaparte (Consp. Av. p. 137) together with wagleri. As a matter of fact Horsfield (Zool, Res. in Java, 1829, Ger. Cat. at end, ex Temm, MS.) gave analis as a new name for the bird which he had originally believed to be the same as minor. As he later found it was not the same he gave it the name analis, which must stand.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1373. Dryobates analis andamanensis
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Andaman Spotted Breasted Pied Woodpecker
Dendrocopos analis andamanensis
Vol. 3
Term name: 

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