971. Dendrocopus andamanensis.
The Andaman Pied Woodpecker.
Picus andamanensis, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xxviii, p. 412, note (1859) ; Beavan, Ibis, 1867, p. 321; Ball, J. A. S. B. xli, pt. 2, p. 279; id. S. F. i, p. 62 ; Walden, Ibis, 1873, p. 300; Hume, S. F. ii, p. 187; id. Cat. no. 157 bis. Dendrocopus andamanensis, Hargitt, Cat. B. M. xviii, p. 267.
Very similar to D. pectoralis, especially above, except that on the crown and occiput the feathers are dark grey, tipped with crimson in the male, with brown in the female, the red in the male extending farther back than in D. pectoralis ; the present species is also distinguished by the greater prevalence of black, the white bars on the back being narrower, and the white spots on the wing-feathers smaller, whilst the tail-feathers are spotted with white on both webs, not completely banded ; the malar band is broken into spots near the mandible ; below, the difference from D. pectoralis is greater, as the breast is nearly covered with large spots, the breast-feathers being blackish brown with whitish edges; the abdomen is light fulvous brown; the flanks paler and barred with dark brown; lower abdomen and under tail-coverts crimson; under wing-coverts barred.
Bill dark slate-colour, darkest on upper mandible; iris dark brown; legs and feet dark olive-green (W. Ramsay). Length 7 ; tail 2.7 ; wing 3.8 ; tarsus .7; bill from gape .9.
Distribution. The Andaman Islands.