1141. Delichon urbiea urbiea

(1141) Delichon urbica urbica (Linn.).
Delichon urbica urbica, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iii, p.
Within our limits this House-Martin breeds in Gilgit, perhaps Northern Kashmir, and commonly in Ladak, where one would have expected either cashmeriensis or whiteleyi. It apparently breeds nowhere in Central and Southern Kashmir, and I cannot think that the record of its breeding in Mysore, recorded by Major Coussmaker in Hume’s ‘Nests and Eggs,’ can be a correct one.
Osmaston gives (Ibis, 1925, p. 699) the only note I can find which really refers to this race “Fairly common in Ladakh in the main and side valleys between 10,000 and 13,000 feet and occasionally, as at Nimu Mud. at 14,000 feet. They were seen building their nests under overhanging rocks on the steep cliffs along the Gya, Valley at 12,000 feet on 3rd June. Two birds were shot here for identi¬fication, and they proved to be D, u, urbica and not D. u. cashmcriensis, as one would have been led to expect.
“They were also breeding on the Lamasery cliffs on Nimu Mud (14,200 feet) on 28th June, and again at Tankse (12,900 feet) on 12th July, All these nests were inaccessible. On the 18th July, by the Shyok River at 10,500 feet, three nests under an overhanging rock by the river were examined. One contained three fresh eggs.
“Nests and eggs resembled those of the English House-Martin, Two eggs measured 19.3 x 13.7 and 19.5 x 14.0 respectively,”
In 1905 Ward also obtained birds, nests and eggs from Tankse, but at about 13,000 feet, on the 20th June. These were sent to me as “kashmiriensis," but identified by me as typical urbica. This nest was said to have been built under the eaves of a hut and close to a colony breeding under a cliff.
The eggs are, of course, pure white of a very soft smooth texture, but not glassy, and rather brittle for their size. In shape they are rather long ovals.
In 'The Handbook of British Birds’ Jourdain gives the average of fifty-four eggs as 19.4 x 13.2 mm. ; the only Indian eggs I have seen are about the same.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1141. Delichon urbiea urbiea
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
European House Martin
Common House Martin
Delichon urbicum
Vol. 3
Term name: 

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