282. Daption capensis.
THE CAPE PETREL or PIED FULMAR.
(Called also "Cape Hen," "Cape Pigeon," "Pintado Petrel.") Has a spread of wing 2 1/2 feet.
Male 16"; weight 14 to 18 oz. Legs dark brown. Bill blackish. Head, above, and primaries soot-brown. Wing-coverts, back, and upper-tail white, each feather tipped soot-brown. Below white. Small white streak below eye. Southern seas generally, north to Ceylon and to lat. 5° S. on the coast of Peru. (B. 1540. S. F. vii 442.)
Also the genus Fulmarus. With stouter bill. Nasal tube large and high at the base. Three species.— F. glacialis, 18 1/2" the Fulmar Petrel, known to sailors as "the Mollymoke" and "the Mall Duck," legs flesh colour, bill dark, nasal tubes always dark, head, neck, and under surface white, above bluish grey. Flight like a Gull's, but with wings out straight and not curved, N. Atlantic Ocean; F. glupischa, similar to F. glacialis, but with nasal tubes and bill yellow, N. Pacific, southwards to W. Mexico; P. rodgersi, similar to F. glacialis, but back and rump distinctly mingled white.
Also the genus Halobaema. With nasal tube short. Tail of twelve feathers. First and second primaries subequal. Lamellae rudimentary. One species— H. caerulea, 11", the Blue Petrel, legs blue, bill black, edged blue. Above ashy blue, below white, feathers of mid-forehead widely tipped white, outer tail-feather white, the two next ashy, and the three next ashy, with white tips, Southern Seas between lat. 40° and 60° S.
Also the genus Prion. With lamellae well developed. First primary longest. Four species from Southern Ocean— P. vittatus, 12", the Blue or Vittated or Broad-billed Petrel, legs light blue, bill blue-black. Above ashy blue, a band across the back, lateral rectrices grey, with black shafts. Eye-stripe and below white; P. banksi, similar to P. vittatus, but bill narrower and lamellae less visible ; P. desolatus, similar to P. banksi, but lamellae not visible when bill is closed; P. ariel, the Brown-banded Petrel, with crown paler than the back, lamellae feebly developed.
Also the genus Ossifraga. Nasal tube very long and stout. Inter-ramal space feathered throughout. Tail of sixteen feathers. One species— O. gigantea, 34", the Giant or Osprey Petrel, legs black, bill yellow. Uniform chocolate, edged paler, Southern Seas, north to about lat. 30° S. (B.M. Cat., xxv. 422-436.)