837. Cygnus musicus

837. Whooper Swan.
CYGNUS MUSICUS.
Cygnus musicus, Bechst. Gemeinn. Naturg. Vog. Deutschl, iii. p. 830 Taf. 35 (1809) ; Dresser, vi. p. 433, pl. 419, fig. 4 ; Salvadori, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvii. p. 26 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 414 ; Saunders, p. 413 ; Lilford, vii. p. 75, pl. 29 ; Cygnus ferus, Leach, Syst. Cat. M. and B. Br. Mus. p. 37 (1816) ; Gould, B. of E. v. pl. 355 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit. v. pl. 9 ; Hewitson, ii. p. 393, pl. cxi. fig. 2 ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 493 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 1115 ; C. xanthorhinus, Naum. xi. p. 478, Taf. 296 (1842).
Cygne Salvage, French ; Cisne, Span. ; Gigno selvatico, Ital. ; Wildschwan, German ; Wilde Zwaan, Dutch ; Sangsvane. Dan and Norweg. ; Sangsvan, Swed. ; Njukca, Lapp. ; Joutsen, Finn. ; Lebed-krikounn, Russ. ; O-haku-cho, Jap.
Male ad. (Norfolk). Differs from C. olor in lacking the frontal tubercle, in having the base of the bill beyond the opening of the nostrils and the bare loral space yellow, the rest of the bill black ; legs blackish ; iris dark brown. Gape 3.95, wing 23.2, tail 8.9, tarsus 4.3 inch. The young bird resembles that of C. olor, but has the bill dull flesh colour, the tip and lateral margins black, and the legs dull flesh colour.
Hab. Iceland, Lapland, and the northern regions of Europe and Asia, migrating in winter south to the Mediterranean, Central Asia, China, and Japan ; has once occurred in India.
In habits the Whooper does not differ much from the Mute Swan. It is however by no means a silent bird, and its clear trumpet-like note may frequently be heard when flocks are passing. Its food is the same as that of C. olor, but it not un¬frequently feeds on land like the Geese. It breeds in single pairs in the vast morasses in the north, building a large nest, and in May deposits 4 to 6, seldom 7, pale yellowish white eggs which measure about 4.6 by 2.87.
C. buccinator, Richardson, the American Whooper, which differs from C. musicus in having the bill deep black is said to have been once obtained in Suffolk.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
837. Cygnus musicus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
837
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
599
Common name: 
Whooper Swan
M_ID: 
321
M_CN: 
Whooper Swan
M_SN: 
Cygnus cygnus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
11119

Add new comment

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith