380. Cyanoptila cyanomelAena

380. Japanese Blue Flycatcher.
CYANOPTILA CYANOMELAENA.
Cyanoptila cyanomeloena (Temm.), Pl. Col. iii. pl. 470 (1829) ; (Temm, and Schlegel), Faun. Jap. p. 47, pls. 16, 17d ; (Sharpe), Cat. B. Br. Mus. iv. p. 251 ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 116, pl. 81 (Seebohm) B. Jap. Emp. p. 59 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 482.
Oruri, Japanese.
Male ad. (Japan). Crown, nape, and upper parts generally rich cobalt blue, the crown brighter blue ; quills black, externally narrowly margined with blue ; tail white on basal half, otherwise black, the outer webs of all but the middle feathers cobalt-blue ; chin, throat, sides of neck and head, breast, and flanks deep black ; rest of the under parts white ; bill black ; legs brown ; iris dark brown. Culmen 0.62, wing 3.7, tail 2.6, tarsus 0.65 inch. The female has the upper parts olivaceous brown, the wings dark brown, with olivaceous margins, the tail brown, with warm olivaceous external margins, but with no white at the base, the throat, breast, and flanks dull brownish ; a large spot on the throat and rest of the under parts white. The young male has the tail and wings like the old male, but rather paler, the rest of the plumage being as in the female, except that the lower back and rump are blue. The nestling is spotted and very like the young of Muscicapa grisola, but much darker.
Hab. Eastern Siberia, Manchuria, and Japan, passing through China on migration ; and wintering as far south as Borneo.
Frequents woods and groves where conifers are intermingled with deciduous trees, and in its general habits resembles the true Flycatchers. Its song is said to be melodious and pro┬Člonged, and is usually uttered from the top of a tree. It breeds in the Ussuri country, where it arrives about the middle of May, and in Japan, placing its nest in a mossy bank ; and its eggs, 5 in number, are greyish white with very faint darker markings at the larger end, and measure about 0.76 by 0.64.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
380. Cyanoptila cyanomelAena
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
380
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
258
Common name: 
Japanese Blue Flycatcher
M_ID: 
27916
M_CN: 
Blue-and-white Flycatcher
M_SN: 
Cyanoptila cyanomelana
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10419

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