1019. Cursorius gallicus

1019. Cream-Coloured Courser.
CURSORIUS GALLICUS.
Cursorius gallicus (Gmel.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 692 (1788) ; Hewitson, Ibis, 1859, p. 79, pl. ii. fig. 3 (egg) ; Gould, B. of E. pl. 266 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit. iv. pl. 44 ; Dresser, vii. p. 425, pl. 514 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiv. p. 34 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 211 ; Saunders, p. 533 ; Lilford, v. p. 19, pl. 6 ; Poynting, p. 11, pl, 3 : C. europoeus, Lath. Ind. Orn. ii. p. 751 (1790)) ; Naum. vii. p. 77, Taf. 171 ; C. isabellinus, Mever, Taschenb. Deutsch. Vogelk, ii p. 328 (1810); C. isabellinus var. bogolubovi, Zarudn. Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Mosc. (7), lxi. p. 327 (1885).
Courvite isabelle, French ; Corrione biondo, Ital. ; Europaische- Rennvogel, German ; Keruan djebeli, Arab. ; Engano-muchacho, in the Canaries.
Male ad. (N. Africa). Forehead rufous isabelline, becoming grey towards the hind crown, which, with the nape is ashy blue-grey ; a broad white stripe above each eye, joining on the nape, and bordered below the eye underneath, and on the nape above with black ; upper parts rufescent isabelline ; primaries and primary coverts blackish ; middle tail-feathers like the back, the rest isabelline becoming whitish at the top, and with a subterminal blackish patch ; under parts isabelline, the lower abdomen nearly white, the breast tinged with grey, and the lower flanks tinged with blackish ; axillaries and under wing-surface black ; beak dark horn but greyish at the base below ; legs greyish white ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.2, wing 6.05, tail 2.62, tarsus 2.15 inch. Sexes alike. The young bird is duller, has the plumage marked with crescentic dark lines and lacks the black, white, and blue on the head.
Hab. North Africa, occasionally straying into continental Europe, and not seldom as far north as Great Britain ; occurred once in Denmark and once in Finland ; Canaries and Cape Verde Islands ; Asia, east to North-west India, and south to Arabia.
Is essentially a desert bird, frequenting dry, arid, sandy plains. It is as a rule shy, and usually runs away, which it does with great swiftness, on the approach of an intruder, or squats on the sand, when it is difficult to distinguish it from the surroundings. Its alarm-note resembles that of a Plover, and in the pairing season it utters a note like rererer. It feeds on insects of various kinds. It makes no nest, but in March deposits its eggs, 2, occasionally 3, in number, in a depression in the sandy soil. These are stone-buff or stone-ochre, closely spotted and marbled with purplish grey underlying, and reddish brown or dull brown surface-markings ; occasionally there is a ring of darker spots round one end. In size they measure about 1.48 by 1.8.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1019. Cursorius gallicus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1019
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
730
Common name: 
Cream Coloured Courser
M_ID: 
4382
M_CN: 
Cream-colored Courser
M_SN: 
Cursorius cursor
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
10175

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