592. Culicicapa ceylonensis.
The Grey-headed Flycatcher.
Platyrhynchus ceylonensis, Swains. Zool. Ill. ser. 1, i, pl. 13 ( 1820-21) Cryptolopha cinereocapilla ( Vieill.), Blyth, Cat. p. 205 ; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 147; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 455. Myialestes cinereocapilla ( Vieill.), Hume, N.& E. p. 205. Culicicapa ceylonensis (Sicains.), Hume, Cat. no. 295; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 275 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. iv, p. 369; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 410 ; Oates, B. B. i, p. 274; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 102 ; Oates in Hume's N. & F. 2nd ed. ii, p. 16.
Zird phutki, Beng.
Coloration. The whole head, neck, and breast ashy, darker on the crown, the feathers of which are obsoletely centred with brown ; lower plumage bright yellow; under wing-coverts pale yellow; lores and the edges of the eyelids whitish ; back, rump, scapulars, and upper tail-coverts greenish yellow; wings and coverts dark brown, the outer webs of all the feathers edged with greenish yellow; the lesser coverts edged on both webs; tail dark brown, the outer webs of all the feathers except the median pair broadly edged with greenish yellow.
Iris dark hazel; bill brown, paler at the base and gape; mouth yellow; legs yellowish brown; claws horn-colour.
Length about 5; tail 2.2; wing 2.4; tarsus .55 ; bill from gape .55.
Distribution. The whole Empire except Sind, the Punjab, and Rajputana, from which provinces I have not seen any specimens. This species is a permanent resident on the Himalayas up to 8000 feet, and on all the hill-ranges such as the Nilgiris, Khasi hills, &c, but to many portions of the plains it is probably only a winter visitor. The most westerly locality on the Himalayas from which I have examined a specimen is Baramula on the Jhelum river in Kashmir. It is found in Ceylon at about 1000 feet elevation, but it apparently does not extend to the Andamans nor to the Nicobars. This Flycatcher ranges as far as Java and Borneo.
Habits, &c. Breeds from March to June, constructing a small nest of moss against a rock or tree-trunk. The eggs, three or four in number, are whitish marked with brown and grey, and measure about -61 by -43.