93. Crex pratensis.
THE LAND-RAIL or CORNCRAKE.
Crex= a Rail, in classical Greek. Cf. = I strike so as to sound.
Male 10". Female 9". Legs pale brown. Bill 1 1/20", pale brown. In winter, crown, hind neck, back, rump, and tail black, margined brown and grey. Wing rufous. Chin, throat, and abdomen whitish. In summer the eye-stripes, cheeks, foreneck, and breast are grey. Young hatched with black down. Mid toe and claw 1 1/2". A single species. Migratory. Found in summer throughout Europe and C. Asia, and in winter in Africa and Arabia. Said to occur in N. India. (B. 1391.)
Also the genus Oenolimnas. One species, with uniform plumage. Mid toe and claw 2.6", OE. isabellina, 9", from Celebes.
Also the genus Amaurolimnas. One species, with culmen as long as inner toe. Mid toe and claw 1 1/2". A. concolor, 9 1/2", from C America.
Also the genus Anurolimnas. Two species, with tail obsolete. Mid toe and claw from 1.55" to 1.7". A. castaneiceps, 7", and A. hauxwelli, 6 1/2", from S. America.
Secondaries not so long as primaries.