The common corncrake or landrail of Europe, which ranges east to Central Asia, and is a great wanderer in spite of its ordinary reluctance to fly when disturbed, is nevertheless very rare in India, its usual winter quarters being in Africa. It has, however, been reported from our area, and was actually once obtained in Gilgit in early October, so that it is worth mentioning that it is rather larger than a quail, with a short bill, and chestnut wings contrasting conspicuously with its streaky-brown upper- parts. It shows the barring on the sides so usual in rails, but the darker bars are only light brown; the rest of the under-parts are plain light brown, the breast and cheeks being grey in the summer dress. This is the only rail really esteemed in England, being very fat and good eating, though several of the family are habitually shot in America and on the Continent. The peculiar double call, well rendered by Bechstein as " arrp, schnarrp," is very characteristic of the bird in its summer haunts, but is not likely to be heard in India.