(14) Corvus splendens protegatus.
THE CEYLON HOUSE-CROW.
Corvus splendens protegatus Madar., Orn. Monatsb.. xii, p. 195
(1904) (Colombo). Corvus splendens. Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 20.
Vernacular names. Manchi Kaki (Tel.); Nulla Kaki (Tam.); Karari-Kaki, Kakum (Ceylon); Graya (Portuguese in Ceylon).
Description. Very similar to insolens, but the light parts are not quite so dark as in that race and are more easily defined from the black.
Colours of soft parts as in splendens.
Measurements. A rather smaller bird than splendens; wing generally between 220 and 250 mm.; other parts in proportion.
Distribution. Ceylon only. Specimens from the extreme south of Travancore are very dark compared with Northern Indian birds but are nearer to those than to the small dark Ceylon subspecies.
Nidification. One hundred eggs collected by Messrs. W. E. Wait and W. W. A. Phillips average 34.8 x 25.6 mm., and are not distinguishable in colour from those of other races.
Habits. Though neither so numerous nor so ubiquitous in Ceylon as its confreres in other parts, there is no difference to be recorded in their habits.*
* Corvus splendens maledevicus Rchw. (Wiss. Erg. D. Tiefsee-Exp., p. 356, 1904) appears to be described from some form of House-Crow imported into the Maldives. Only a single specimen was obtained. It is impossible to say what race this bird is, and the name cannot be maintained.