2. Corvus umbrinus.
The Brown-necked Raven.
Corvus umbrinus, Hedenb. Sundev. (Efv. k. Vet.-Akad. Forh. Stockh. 1838, p. 199; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. iii, p. 17; Hume, S. F. vii, p. 120; id. Cat. no. 660 bis; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 251.
Coloration. Forehead arid crown umber-brown, partially glossed with purple; nape, hind neck and mantle, sides of the head and sides of the neck umber-brown, almost glossless ; remaining upper plumage glossy black; the whole lower plumage blackish brown, most of the feathers with umber-brown edges and with a very small amount of gloss.
Bill black; legs black, with a brownish tinge; iris dark brown (Dresser).
Length about 22; tail 9 ; wing 15.5; tarsus 2.5; bill from gape 2.5.
Distribution. This Raven is a bird of the desert. It has occurred a few times within our limits, and I have seen specimens in the Hume Collection procured at Jacobabad and Larkhana in Sind in January and February. It is probably more common in Mekran. Apart from its coloration it is very distinct from C. corax of the Punjab, being very much smaller and having the hackles of the throat very much shorter. It extends eastwards to Egypt.