6. Corvus levaillanti culminatus

(6) Corvus levaillanti culminatus Sykes.
Corvus coronoides culminatus, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 28.
Corvus levaillanti culminatus, ibid. vol. vii, p. 593.
The breeding range of this race may be taken roughly as Ceylon and Southern India South of a line drawn from the Madras Presi¬dency, say. from Masulipatam, through the Deccan to Bombay. On the border line, as is the case with all geographical races, the birds are intermediate but, South of this line, the decrease in the size of the bird is quite pronounced.
The breeding season of the Jungle-Crow throughout Southern India seems to be March, April and May. Major C. E. Williams took for me a fine series of their eggs between the 9th of March and the 3rd of May ; Bourdillon and others took eggs from the 27th February to the 20th May in Travancore. Davison and Miss Cock-burn give April and May as the breeding months in the Nilgiris, though Darling took a clutch of six eggs at Ooty as early as the 12th February. In the South of the Bombay Presidency most eggs are laid in April and March. In Ceylon the principal breeding months, according to Wait, are June and August, but Layard says that it lays during January and February. Probably there are two seasons, as W. Jenkins also obtained hard-set eggs in the latter month.
The nest is like that of the preceding race and is placed in similar positions in trees in well-wooded open land, in cultivation, waste ground or round villages. In Ceylon palm-trees form a favourite site, the nests being built in the crowns and, in these, the hning is composed entirely of Coconut-fibre.
In spite of Darling’s clutch of six eggs, the normal clutch of eggs of this race is smaller than in any of the others, three only being laid quite as often as four. They resemble those of the Northern bird already described but, as a series, are smaller and perhaps less long in shape and decidedly darker and duller in colour, especially those from Ceylon and Travancore. Sixty eggs average 38.0 x 28.1 mm. : maxima 47.0 x 29.8 and 42.0 x 30.2 mm. ; minima 36.3 x 29.0 and 42.4 x 26.3 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
6. Corvus levaillanti culminatus
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Soujrn Jungle Crow
Indian Jungle Crow
Corvus culminatus
Vol. 1
Term name: 

Add new comment

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith