664. Coracias indicus

664. INDIAN ROLLER.
CORACIAS INDICUS.
Coracias indicus Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 159 (1766) ; Gould, B. of As. i. pl. 54 ; Dresser, v. p. 149, pl. 294 ; id. Monogr. Corac. p. 27, pl. viii. ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xvii. p. 10 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iii. p. 103 ; C. bengalensis, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 159 (1766).
Nilkant, sabzak, Hindu. ; Tas, Mahr.; Palu-pitta, Tel. ; Kattu-kadei, Tam. ; Doong-kowluwa, Cingal.
Male ad. (India). Forehead and chin rufous huff ; crown and nape rich blue, green ; sides of and hind-neck deep vinous ; hack scapulars and innermost secondaries greenish brown ; rump greenish, blue ; upper tail- coverts ultramarine ; quills pale greenish blue, the primaries with an ultramarine central band, and tipped with blackish blue, the secondaries with terminal portion rich ultramarine ; larger wing-coverts greenish blue, the lesser ultramarine ; middle tail-feathers deep green, the rest ultra¬marine on the basal and terminal portions, otherwise pale blue ; throat and upper breast vinous purple striped with creamy buff ; lower breast rufous buff ; rest of under parts greenish blue ; bill blackish, but reddish at the base below ; legs dusky orange yellow ; iris yellowish grey, with a reddish brown inner circle, orbital skin and eyelid dull orange yellow. Culmen 1.3, wing 7.2, tail 5.3, tarsus 1.0 inch. Sexes alike.
Hab. India and Ceylon east to Calcutta, west through Baluchistan to Muscat on the Persian Gulf ; Asia Minor, and of accidental occurrence in Turkey ; a taxidermist’s specimen is said to have been obtained in England.
In habits it does not seem to differ from C. garrulus, and like that bird, it breeds in hollow trees, in holes in walls, and even under the eaves of bungalows, sometimes making no nest, and at others forming a sort of nest of tow, old rags, grasses, and feathers, and from March to July according to locality depositing 3 to 5 pure white eggs like those of C. garrulus, which average 1.39 by 1.13.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
664. Coracias indicus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
664
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
463
Common name: 
Indian Roller
M_ID: 
8951
M_SN: 
Coracias benghalensis indicus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10402

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