50. Conostoma aemodium.
The Red-billed Crow-Tit.
Conostoma aemodius, Hodgs. J. A. S. B. x, p. 857, pl. (1841); Blyth, Cat. p. 101. Conostoma aemodium, Hodgs., Horsf. & M. Cat. i, pp. 213, 377 ; Jerd. B.I. ii, p. 10; Blanf. J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 46; Hume, N. & E. p. 237 ; id. Cat. no. 381; Sharpe, Cat. B. M, vii, p. 485; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 42.
The Red-billed Jay-Thrush, Jerd.; Lho-rannio-pho, Lepch.
Coloration. Lores and feathers in front of the eyes dark brown; forehead greyish white ; upper plumage olive-brown with a rufous tinge; outer edges of primaries ashy, of the secondaries rufous, and the tertiaries, with the tips of the secondaries, ashy ; tail ashy grey, more or less washed with rufous along the middle of the feathers ; chin, throat, and sides of head brown, with a vinous tinge, becoming paler on the rest of the lower plumage.
Bill dull orange; legs slaty grey; iris brown (Jerdon).
Length about 12; tail 5.5; wing 5.2; tarsus 1.5; bill from gape 1.
Distribution. Nepal and Sikhim, apparently at very high elevations. Blanford met with it at 11,000 feet on the Chola range, and the nest has been found on two occasions at 10,000 feet in Sikhim. This bird extends to the high mountains on the frontier of China and Tibet.
Habits, &c. Constructs a hemispherical nest of stems and blades of grass and bamboo-leaves on a branch of a bamboo in May. The eggs, probably three in number, are dull white, blotched and streaked with yellowish brown and spotted about the larger end with inky purple; size 1.11 by .8.