1857. Columba rupestris turkestanica

(1857) Columba rupestris turkestaniea Buturlin.
THE TURKESTAN HILL-PIGEON.
Columba rupestris turkestaniea Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. v, p, 222.
This Hill-Pigeon breeds within our limits in the Himalayas from Gilgit and Kashmir to Sikkim, and there are specimens in the British Museum labelled “Darjiling” but which may have been obtained from farther North. It is extremely common in Tibet, while it is also found in Turkestan and the Altai between 8,000 and 14,000 feet during the breeding season.
In Tibet this Pigeon breeds both in large and small colonies in holes, caves and crevices in cliffs and in the bouses, deserted and occupied, of the Tibetans. If built in the cliffs they seem always to be in the most inaccessible places, and all my correspondents, from Steen onwards, have not been able to get at them ; but vast numbers also breed in the houses. In the latter they place their nests under the roofs, on the rafters, in any odd hole in the wall etc., and often several pairs breed in the same building. The nests are just like those of the Rock-Pigeons and, apparently, equally verminous. Ludlow, in bis “Birds of Gyantse” (Ibis, 1928, p. 215). refers only very briefly to the breeding of this bird :—“They breed everywhere between Phari and Gyantse in June, constructing their scanty nests in holes in banka, precipices, and in inhabited and uninhabited dwellings.”
Marshall found these Hill*Pigeons breeding in the Panji Valley, on the Chenab, while Ward records it as very common in some of the higher elevations in Kashmir.
I have received eggs from Yatung taken on the 6th April from two nests in inhabited and, therefore, warm houses, but this is probably unusually early. Other eggs have been taken by Steen, Kennedy, Macgregor and others from early May to the end of July, and it is possible some birds have two broods in the year.
Fifty eggs average 37.0 x 27.5 mm. : maxima 39.0 x 26.5 and 38.5 x 29.3 mm. ; minima 35.9 x 28.0 and 36.8 x 26.2 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
1857. Columba rupestris turkestanica
Spp Author: 
Buturlin.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1857
Year: 
1935
Page No: 
151
Common name: 
Turkestan Hill Pigeon
M_ID: 
4826
M_SN: 
Columba rupestris turkestanica
Volume: 
Vol. 4
Term name: 
id: 
15035

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith