892. Columba palumbus

892. Ring-Dove or Wood-Pigeon.
Columba palumbus, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 282 (1766) ; Naum. vi. p. 168, Taf. 149 ; Gould, B. of E. pl. 243 ; Dresser, vii. p. 3, pl. 454 ; Salvadori, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxi. p. 299 ; Saunders, p. 479 ; Lilford, iv. p. 87, pl. 39 ; C. torquata, Leach, Syst. Cat. M. and B. Brit. Mus. p. 26 (1816) ; Gould, B. of Gt. Brit. iv. pl. 1.
Colombe ramier, French ; Pombo torquaz, Portug. ; Paloma torcaz, Span. ; Colombaccio, Ital. ; Ringeltaube, German ; Ringduif, Dutch ; Ringdue, Dan. and Norweg. ; Ring-dufva, Swed. ; Kauluskyyhky, Finn. ; Wjachir, Lesnoi-Golub, Russ.
Male ad. (England). Head and neck dark dove-blue ; mantle brownish grey ; wing-coverts dark bluish ; quills blackish, the primaries edged with white, and a long white patch on the outer part of the wing ; rump, upper tail-coverts, and base of tail dove-blue, the last darker ; terminal half of tail black ; sides of neck glossed with violet and purple, on each side a large white patch ; lower throat, breast, and abdomen rich vinous, merging into pale dove-blue below ; bill bright red, becoming yellow towards the tip ; legs coral-red ; iris straw-yellow. Culmen 1.05, wing 9.4, tail 6.5, tarsus 1.2 inch. Female rather smaller and duller.
Hab. Europe generally, north to about 65o N. lat. ; Azores ; Madeira ; North Africa ; Asia east to about Bagdad.
In some of its habits it much resembles G. oenas, but never breeds in holes of trees or in the ground ; wary and shy, where not molested it becomes remarkably tame, as is the case in the London parks. Its note is a deep coo-roo-coo-coo and is generally uttered when the bird is sitting on an elevated perch. Its food consists of grain of various kinds, beech-nuts, acorns, tender shoots of plants, &c. Strictly monogamous, it rears at least two broods in a season, the first eggs being laid in April, and the second pair in June, and eggs have been found as late as September. The nest is a very scanty structure of dry twigs, or else a deserted nest of some other bird is made use of, and the two eggs are pure white, and measuring about 1.56 by 1.18.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
892. Columba palumbus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Ring Dove Or Wood Pigeon
Common Wood Pigeon
Columba palumbus
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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