(1866) Ianthoenas palumboides *.
THE ANDAMANESE WOOD-PIGEON.
Carpophaga palumboides Hume, Str. Feath., i, p. 302 (1873) (Andamans). Alsocomus palumboides. Blanf. & Oates, iv, p. 39.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Whole head a beautiful pearl-grey or pearl-white, showing a faint sheen of emerald-green on the crown and nape ; upper neck darker and with more gloss ; lower neck with a darker green gloss and with the black bases to the feathers showing through; remainder of upper parts and wing-coverts a deep slaty-grey, almost black, each feather edged metallic green, purple-copper or amethyst according to the light, the margins to the median coverts narrow and always green; greater coverts and quills blackish-brown, the second to the fourth and sometimes the fifth primary with a narrow edge of grey-brown to the outer web; tail blackish-brown ; lower parts from neck to vent light slaty-grey with a faint emerald sheen; under wing-coverts, axillaries, flanks and under tail-coverts a rather darker grey.
Colours of soft parts. Iris orange, reddish-yellow or orange-pink ; cere and base of bill lake-red or pinkish-lilac, remainder of bill yellowish-white or almost white; legs and feet fleshy-pink, more red in front, claws horny-white.
Measurements. Wing 241 to 258 mm. " Weight 1 lb. 2 oz." (Davison).
Young birds have the head a much darker grey with less sheen and the upper parts duller and browner.
Distribution. Andamans and Nicobars.
Habits. This is a forest Pigeon and according to Hume very like Muscadivora in its habits, frequenting the tops of the highest and most densely-foliaged tree but Davison and Butler both obtained specimens which were seated on very low branches or actually on the ground. Hume saw " hundreds " at a roosting-place on a conical rocky islet and also common in the Macpherson's Straits where they were flying over in small parties. They are fruit-eaters as far as is known and have a deep, loud " coo."
* I cannot separate Ianth&nas nkohanca, which seems to have been founded on an immature bird* Other specimens from Ineenge, Trinkut and Nankowry, which are adult, are exactly the same as Andaman birds.