1295. Columba eversmanni.
The Eastern Stock-Pigeon.
Columba eversmanni, Bonap. Compt. Bend, xliii, p. 838 (1856); Sharpe, Yarkand Miss., Aves, p. 116; Salvadori, Cat. B. M. xxi, p. 264. Palumboena eversmanni, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xxvi, p. 219; Jerdon, B. I. iii, p. 467 ; Beavan, Ibis, 1868, p. 374; Hume, S. F. i, p. 217;
id. & Hend: Lah, to Yark. p. 271, pl. xxxi ; id. Cat. no. 787; C. H. T. Marshall, Ibis, 1884, p. 421; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 288; Reid, S. F. x, p. 59. Palumboena oenicapilla, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xxvi, p. 219.
The Indian Stock-Pigeon, Jerdon ; Kamar-Kular, H.
Coloration. ashy grey ; crown and hind neck and breast tinged with lilac ; sides and back of lower neck glossed with metallic green, changing to red lilac, but less distinctly than in C. livia; back and scapulars with tips of quills brownish ; three imperfect black bars, often indistinct or interrupted, on the secondaries and their coverts; lower back white; rump and upper tail-coverts leaden grey, often with darker edges ; base of tail also leaden grey, terminal third blackish, crossed by a paler grey band on the outer feathers ; basal portion of outer web of outermost rectrices white ; axillaries and inner part of wing-lining white.
Bill pale yellowish green, base of lower mandible and gape slaty ; irides dark yellow; legs and feet yellowish fleshy (Hume).
Length about 12 ; tail 4; wing 8 ; tarsus 1 ; bill from gape .9.
Distribution. A migratory bird, breeding and passing the summer in Central Asia, and visiting the Punjab, Sind, the North-western Provinces, and Oudh in winter. It is the Eastern representative of C. oenas, the Stock-Pigeon or Stock-Dove of Europe, a much larger bird with a proportionally longer tail.
Habits, &c. The Eastern Stock-Dove is met with in India in considerable flocks, feeding in small parties in the fields by day, and roosting on trees at night. It arrives about November and leaves India in March.