732. Aquila pomarina

732. Lesser Spotted Eagle.
Aquila pomarina Brehm, Vog. Deutschl, p. 27 (1831) ; Dresser, v. p. 491, pl. 338 ; A. maculata, Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. p. 246 (1874, nec. Gmel.) ; A. rufonuchalis ; Brooks, Stray Feathers, iv. p. 269 (1875).
Kleiner Schreiadler, German ; Mindre Skrikorn, Swed ; Podorlik Malaya, Russ.
Male ad. (Pomerania). Differs from A. maculata in being smaller, the plumage earth-brown, with the tips of the feathers somewhat paler, the crown and nape warm creamy brown, the tail darker brown, the outer feathers tipped with dark grey and with obsolete light bars ; tarsal feathers dull brown and light brown intermixed. Culmen 1.8, wing 17.7, tail 9.5, tarsus 3.8 inch. The young bird is brown, with a chocolate tinge and much less spotted than A. maculata ; crown and hind-neck dotted with small ochreous rufescent spots, the nape with a large ochreous rufous patch ; back and lesser wing-coverts dotted with small spots ; secondaries tipped with greyish, the inner ones with large terminal irregularly ovate greyish spots : tail blackish brown, washed with grey and tipped with ashy grey ; under parts striped with rufescent ochreous ; tarsi sparsely spotted with creamy white ; under tail-coverts creamy ochreous.
Hab. Eastern Europe, of rare occurrence in Scandinavia and in west-central Europe ; Asia Minor and Syria on passage, ranging south in East Africa to Nubia in winter.
In habits it much resembles the Buzzards and like them is somewhat heavy and sluggish. It feeds to a large extent on frogs, and hence is often found near water, also on reptiles of various kinds, small mammals, and like its larger ally does not hesitate to feed on carrion when obtainable. Its nest which resembles that of the Common Buzzard is placed on a tree, but it occasionally makes use of the deserted nest of some other bird of prey. The eggs, two in number, are white, usually marked with pale violet grey shell-spots or blotches, and generally boldly blotched with dark red surface-markings and in size average about 2.49 by 1.97.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
732. Aquila pomarina
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Lesser Spotted Eagle
Lesser Spotted Eagle
Clanga pomarina
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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