Type, C. cinclus Linn. Type-locality: restricted to Sweden. The characters of the genus are those of the family.
Key to Species.
A. Chin and breast white Cinclus cinclus, p. 1-
B. Chin and breast brown Cinclus pallasii, p. 4.
Sturnus cinclus Linn., S. N., i, p. 290, 1766. Type-locality: Sweden.
Key to Subspecies,
A. Chin, throat and breast white; abdomen
brown C. c. cashmeriensis, p. 2-
B. Chin, throat, breast and abdomen all white. C. c. leucogaster, p. 3.
The* bird hitherto known as Cinclus sordidus, which is only an aberrant form of cashmeriensis, has the lower parts all more or less brown, but the brown is much paler than on the upper parts and not concolorous with them as in pallasii.